Work packages

The Linear study is composed of nine different work packages, each of which forms a different phase of the study. Some packages involve fundamental research while others develop new technologies, and work package 8 consists of the preparation and implementation of the pilot project involving the households.


  • Work package 1: gathering data and administering surveys to get a better picture of the energy consumption of households. Based on the results of this substudy, we examine what the best options are for creating flexibility in our test households.
  • Work package 2: we develop realistic user profiles based on the data gathered in work package 1. These profiles can then be used in other work packages to design models that will allow us to simulate the effects of certain interventions.
  • Work package 3: studies the potential for energy storage. Temporary storage is key to incorporating more renewable energy into our power grids. We are conducting research into the storage of electrical energy in batteries as well as the storage of heat in buffers. By decoupling a building’s demand for heat from a heat pump’s demand for electricity, flexibility can be created. Research has also been done on combining cogeneration with district heating in order to support the power grid at the local level.
  • Work package 4: studies the way in which electricity, gas and communication networks interact with each other when we implement our Linear solutions.
  • Work package 5: looks at the impact and potential of using the batteries in electric vehicles to store renewable energy as it is generated and to then return this energy to the grid during times of peak consumption.
  • Work package 6: combines the various technological insights and converts them into algorithms and simulations.
  • Work package 7: overlapped to a large extent with the other work packages and was therefore eliminated. These tasks were allocated to other work packages.
  • Work package 8: is the real-world test: we use the data that was gathered and the technologies that were developed in all the substudies to test out the theories on real households.
  • Work package 9: focuses on the economic aspects. This involves research into the way the market currently functions, the changes to market functioning that will be required for the future, and potential business cases for distribution system operators, suppliers and customers.
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